風の歌を聴け

自然のチカラを借りてちょこっとだけ楽しませてもらう・・・
そんな生き方めざしてマス。
それをウィンドサーフィン、マウンテンバイク、
そしてバックカントリー(スキー)
で表現している二児のオヤジライダーです。

VOAで英語学習002

VOAのコンテンツはだいたい3回くらいスクリプトを見ないで(目をつぶって)聴き、それからスクリプトを見てもう1度聞くようにしています。



Growing Vegetables in the Shade

Have you ever thought about planting a garden, but didn't think you had a spot with enough sunlight? Well, not all vegetables need a lot of sun.

Mark Hoffman and his wife, Guia, own a guesthouse in Kempton, Illinois. They often serve their guests produce fresh from the garden. The Hoffmans have been growing food and flowers for 25 years. For much of that time, Mark Hoffman has been experimenting with shade plantings. He says [visitors to his website, greenhousebed.com, often ask how to plant in the shade]. There are a lot of choices.

For example, he grows tomatoes near oak trees. Big oak trees can produce a lot of shade. But Mark Hoffman says [his tomato plants grow, as long as they get five hours of direct sunlight each day]He also plants asparagus around a tree at its drip line. That is the area below the outer limit of the branches.

The Hoffmans' website includes a list of vegetables, flowers and herbs that have produced acceptably for them in partial shade. These include broccoli, daylilies, horseradish, Irish potatoes, oregano and winter onions. Mark Hoffman says [plants with wider leaves seem to do better in the shade]. He also finds [that his potatoes do better in partial shade than in full sun]. Time of day, brightness of the sun and shadows from trees, walls and buildings all influence how much or how little sunlight falls on plants.

Curtis Swift at Colorado State University says [people interested in shade planting should also remember something else]. The term "shade" can describe different amounts of darkness -- and it can even mean
different things in different parts of the world.

Grammar
第1文型
[主語S] [述語V]  SがV
第2文型
[主語S] [述語V] [補語C]  SがCだ
第3文型
[主語S] [述語V] [目的語O]  SがOを/にV
第4文型
[主語S] [述語V] [目的語O1] [目的語O2]  SがO1にO2をV
第5文型
[主語S] [述語V] [目的語O] [補語C]  SがOをCだと/に/とV
第3文型の受動態
[主語S] [述語be Ved]  SがVされる/されている
第4文型の受動態
[主語S] [述語be Ved] [目的語O2]  SがO2を/に/とVされる/されている
第5文型の受動態
[主語S] [述語be Ved] [補語C]  SがOをCだと/に/とVされる/されている

 一生モノの英文法 澤井康佑 講談社現代新書

Vocabulary
produce(n): [uncountable] food or other things that have been grown or produced on a farm to be sold
 市場用に栽培した新鮮な果物や野菜
(fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market)

VOAで英語学習001

今年から英語の勉強を始めて3か月目に入りました。最初の2カ月はほとんどDUO3.0を聴くだけのボキャビルに費やしました。先日TOEIC用リスニング問題集をやってみてまだまだ難しく感じたので、もう少しまとまった文章をリスニングするために、VOAのSpecial Englishを利用します。



Building Machines With Human-Like Senses

Every year, IBM chooses five new technologies that the company believes will change the world within the next five years. The list is called "5 in 5." IBM says [it considers its own research and the new directions of society and business when identifying the technologies]. This year, the list describes devices that will extend our five senses.

Imagine looking for clothes online and touching your computer or smartphone to feel the cloth. IBM's vice president of innovation, Bernie Meyerson, says [this technology could be available in the next five years]. Touch is just one of the senses that technology will help to extend.

IBM says [smart machines will soon be able to listen to the environment and give us information about the sounds they hear]. For example, Bernie Meyerson says [an advanced speech recognition system will tell new parents why their baby is crying].

Smart machines will also help identify medical conditions. If you sneeze on your computer or cell phone, the device will study the molecules that came out of your mouth. It will then tell you [whether you need to see a doctor].

Another prediction is [that computers will be better able to not just look at images but understand what they show and act on that information].

Bernie Meyerson says [IBM scientists are also developing a computer system that can examine and combine molecules to create the most popular flavors and smells].

Mark Maloof is a computer scientist at Georgetown University. He says [it will be exciting to see what young people will do with the mobile technology, networking and computing power of tomorrow].


Grammar
第1文型
[主語S] [述語V]
第2文型
[主語S] [述語V] [補語C]
第3文型
[主語S] [述語V] [目的語O]
第4文型
[主語S] [述語V] [目的語O1] [目的語O2]
第5文型
[主語S] [述語V] [目的語O] [補語C]

一生モノの英文法 澤井康佑 講談社現代新書

Vocabulary
identfy(v): [transitive] to recognize something or discover exactly what it is, what its nature or origin is etc
存在しているものとして認識する
(recognize as being)

sneeze(v): [intransitive] if you sneeze, air suddenly comes from your nose, making a noise, for example when you have a cold
刺激物が鼻に入った時のように、発作的に息を吐き出す
(exhale spasmodically, as when an irritant entered one's nose)

molecule(n): [countable] the smallest unit into which any substance can be divided without losing its own chemical nature, usually consisting of two or more atoms
何かの小さな破片のこと
(a tiny piece of anything)

prediction(n): [uncountable and countable] a statement about what you think is going to happen, or the act of making this statement
将来に関する言明
(a statement made about the future)

辞書はThe Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Onlineと(独)情報通信研究機構の日本語WordNet(Weblio英和和英内)のふたつで引きます。とくに日本語WordNetは簡潔で分かり易いと思います。

ロープワークWEEK3

WEEK3
⑨フィッシャーマンズ・ノット(テグス結び)
⑩ダブル・フィッシャーマンズ・ノット(二重テグス結び)
⑪フィギュア・エイト・ノット(8の字結び)
⑫ダブル・フィギュア・エイト・ノット(二重8の字結び)

Double Fisherman's Knot
 

Figure 8 Knot


Figure 8 Follow Through Loop
 

Double Figure 8 Loop | Bunny Ears
 

   

  
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