風の歌を聴け

自然のチカラを借りてちょこっとだけ楽しませてもらう・・・
そんな生き方めざしてマス。
それをウィンドサーフィン、マウンテンバイク、
そしてバックカントリー(スキー)
で表現している二児のオヤジライダーです。

VOAで英語学習011



The BRICS Summit

Five nations held the fifth BRICS Summit at the end of March in Durban, South Africa. The five BRICS nations are Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. For years, these nations have said they do not have a strong voice in world events. All five countries have strong economies. But none has been asked to lead the International Monetary Fund or the World Bank. India, Brazil and South Africa have all campaigned, without success, for a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.

Anil Sooklal is South Africa's ambassador to the BRICS group. He says the group can overcome historical imbalances by giving each nation power over a proposed development bank. The bank would be collectively owned by all the BRICS countries. Emilio Pera is with Ernst and Young business advisory services. He says a development bank is a good idea for financing public works projects and strengthening cooperation between the BRICS nations.

A report from South Africa's Standard Bank says each nation is expected to donate $10 billion for the bank. China's economy alone is bigger than that of the four other countries combined. For China, $10 billion is not a lot of money. But for South Africa, it represents almost half of the country's education budget. At the IMF and the World Bank, members donate money based on the size of their economy. Standard Bank's Simon Freemantle says it could be a long time before the bank is launched. He thinks the bank has a long process through which it still has to travel in order to reach the point where it can extend loans.

VOAで英語学習010



Actions to Fight Hunger Fall Short of Promises

To "walk the talk" means to keep your promises, to do what you said you would do. "Walk the Talk" is also the name of a new report by the International Food Policy Research Institute. The group says [there has been a lot of talk about fighting hunger, but not enough action]. As a result, it says [the international community could fall far short of the goal of cutting the number of hungry people in half by 2015]. The report says [an estimated 870 million people were hungry last year]. Two billion did not get enough micronutrients -- vitamins and minerals.

Shenggen Fan is the institute's director general. He described 2012 as a mixed year for progress against hunger.He says [African countries, India, China and Brazil continue to invest in agriculture]. Donor agencies, he says, including the World Bank and USAID, have also increased their investment in food security and nutrition. But he says [a lack of political will limited progress on food security]. After the food crisis in 2008 and 2009, many promises were made to increase investment in smallholder agriculture. These small farms are often headed by women. Shenggen Fan says [not all those promises have been kept].

Supporters of greater agricultural investment in poor countries have often criticized farm support programs in rich nations. They say [subsidies hurt food production and sales in developing countries]. Now, many countries, including India and China, are also turning to subsidies. Shenggen Fan says that needs to change. He says [it's time the international community walked the talk on food security].

Vocabulary
micronutrient(n): 
通常の身体機能のために少量のみが必要な物質(例えば、ビタミンまたはミネラル)
(a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals))
subsidy(n): 
公的に有益な会社に政府によって支払われる援助
(a grant paid by a government to an enterprise that benefits the public)

VOAで英語学習009



China a Growing Supplier of Drones

China recently said it considered launching a drone strike against a Burmese drug trafficker. Naw Kham was wanted in the killings of 13 Chinese sailors on the Mekong River in 2011. China's top drug official said the plan was to bomb the drug dealer's mountain hiding place in northeastern Burma using unmanned aircraft. The official said the drone strike idea was passed over in order to capture Naw Kham alive. He was seized last April in a joint operation with Laos.

That China considered using a drone strike is a sign of its increasing development of unmanned flight technology. It also suggests that China is seriously considering using drone attacks outside of its borders. Peter Dutton is with the United States Naval War College. He says China is moving away from its earlier policy of non-interference in international affairs. He says the country is becoming more active in protecting its interests beyond its borders.

The United States has led the world in drone technology for years. It is known to use UAV, or unmanned aerial vehicle, strikes against foreign targets. In recent years, China has greatly improved its UAV technology. It showed off many of its new models at recent air shows in the country. One of the drones has a range of over 3,200 kilometers.

China is also modernizing its global navigation system to compete with those of the United States, Russia and Europe. The United States exports unmanned aircraft to only a few of its closest allies. China is now seen as an increasingly reliable, lower cost supplier. Several countries have bought or built their own UAVs, mostly for surveillance purposes.

VOAのサイトにもこの記事を題材にした教材があります。
http://learningenglish.voanews.com/
「ADVANCED ENGLISH SPEAKERS: ARTICLES WITH ACTIVITIES」の
China Develops its Drone Industry

Vocabulary
drone(n): [countable] an aircraft that does not have a pilot, but is operated by radio
リモートコントロールによって操作される操縦者のいない航空機
(an aircraft without a pilot that is operated by remote control)

seize(v): [transitive] to suddenly catch someone and make sure they cannot get away
力ずくで取る、または捕らえる
(take or capture by force)

surveillance(n): [uncountable] when the police, army, etc watch a person or place carefully because they may be connected with criminal activities
 ある人間あるいはグループの緻密な観察(通常警察によって)
(close observation of a person or group (usually by the police))

=======================


Getting More Americans to Study in China

Last year, 200,000 Chinese students studied in the United States. That was a 23 percent increase over the previous year. The Institute of International Education in New York reports that 26,000 U.S. students were in China in 2011. They included 15,000 people studying for academic credit and 11,000 taking part in other educational activities. A program called the 100,000 Strong Initiative is trying to increase the number of Americans studying in China. The State Department launched the program in 2010. The goal is to send 100,000 students to China during a four-year period. Last year, the nonprofit 100,000 Strong Foundation was launched. Project Pengyou is one of the groups the foundation supports. It connects American students who have lived or studied in China. Project Pengyou is based in Beijing and led by Holly Chang. She says personal ties formed while studying abroad can have an effect on relations between the United States and China. She says there is still a huge amount of misunderstanding between the two countries.The Chinese government has offered 20,000 scholarships to Americans under what is known as the U.S.-China Consultation on People-to-People Exchange. The 100,000 Strong Foundation has no official relationship with the Chinese government. But the foundation says it works closely with Chinese government officials to encourage more Americans to seek these Chinese scholarships. The goal is to give more Americans a chance to get a taste of Chinese culture.

   

  
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